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Widening and Diversifying the Proteome Capture by Combinatorial Peptide Ligand Libraries via Alcian Blue Dye Binding

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journal contribution
posted on 05.05.2015, 00:00 by Giovanni Candiano, Laura Santucci, Andrea Petretto, Chiara Lavarello, Elvira Inglese, Maurizio Bruschi, Gian Marco Ghiggeri, Egisto Boschetti, Pier Giorgio Righetti
Combinatorial peptide ligand libraries (CPLLs) tend to bind complex molecules such as dyes due to their aromatic, heterocyclic, hydrophobic, and ionic nature that may affect the protein capture specificity. In this experimental work Alcian Blue 8GX, a positively charged phthalocyanine dye well-known to bind to glycoproteins and to glucosaminoglycans, was adsorbed on a chemically modified CPLL solid phase, and the behavior of the resulting conjugate was then investigated. The control and dye-adsorbed beads were used to harvest the human urinary proteome at physiological pH, this resulting in a grand total of 1151 gene products identified after the capture. Although the Alcian Blue-modified CPLL incremented the total protein capture by 115 species, it particularly enriched some families among the harvested proteins, such as glycoproteins and nucleotide-binding proteins. This study teaches that it is possible, via the two combined harvest mechanisms, to drive the CPLL capture toward the enrichment of specific protein categories.