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Why Are Some (CH)4X6 and (CH2)6X4 Polyheteroadamantanes So Stable?

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journal contribution
posted on 19.03.2010, 00:00 by Yan Wang, Judy I-Chia Wu, Qianshu Li, Paul von Ragué Schleyer
The representative isodesmic reactions shown in the Abstract graphic for (CH)4X6 hexaheteroadamantane derivatives reveal energetic nonadditivity to remarkably different extents: while the electropositive element stabilizations are exceptionally large and the pnictide and hexaoxaadamantane stabilizations are more modest, the sulfur and selenium analogues are destabilized. Similar behavior is exhibited by (CH2)6X4 tetraheteroadamantanes. Analysis shows that aromaticity is not involved; the sign and magnitude of the nonadditivity depends on the interplay of hyperconjugation, electrostatic, and steric (lone pair repulsion) effects.