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Water Stability Studies of Hybrid Iodoargentates Containing N‑Alkylated or N‑Protonated Structure Directing Agents: Exploring Noncentrosymmetric Hybrid Structures

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posted on 2017-02-07, 13:51 authored by Guang-Ning Liu, Xiao-Ming Jiang, Qing-Shun Fan, Muhammad Bilal Hussain, Ke Li, Hui Sun, Xin-Yu Li, Wan-Qing Liu, Cuncheng Li
In situ alkylation or protonation reactions on the thiazolyl-N donors of benzothiazole (btz) and its derivative 2-aminobenzothiazole (abtz) occurred to form four structure directing agents (SDAs), which feature different structure directing abilities and hydrophobicities. The thiazolyl-N alkylated and protonated btz cations direct to form an α-type (AgI2) iodoargentate chain in (Etbtz)­(AgI2) (1), (Prbtz)­(AgI2) (2), and (Hbtz)­(AgI2) (3), respectively, while the thiazolyl-N protonated abtz cation directs to form a new type of (Ag2I3) anionic chain in (Habtz)­(Ag2I3) (4). Compounds 1 and 4 represent the first noncentrosymmetric (NCS) hybrid iodoargentates with organic S-containing N-heterocycle derivative cations as SDAs. Further, 1 exhibits high water stability and is second harmonic generation (SHG) active with a response about twice that of KDP (KH2PO4). Importantly, the water stability studies indicate that hybrid iodoargentates with hydrophobic N-alkylated SDAs are more stable in water than those with relative hydrophilic N-protonated SDAs.

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