Volumetric Properties and Sorption Behavior of Perfluoropolymers with Dioxolane Pendant Rings
journal contributionposted on 28.08.2019, 01:13 by Yafei Li, Milad Yavari, Antonio Baldanza, Ernesto Di Maio, Yoshiyuki Okamoto, Haiqing Lin, Michele Galizia
Lattice fluid theory is used to develop transport property–structure correlations for glassy perfluoropolymers with dioxolane pendant rings, a new class of membrane materials for gas separation. Poly(perfluoro-2-methylene-1,3-dioxolane) (poly(PFMD)) and poly(perfluoro-2-methylene-4-methyl-1,3-dioxolane) (poly(PFMMD)) exhibit lower permeability but much higher selectivity than commercial fluoropolymers, such as Teflons AF. Their enhanced separation performance is due to the combined effect of solubility- and diffusivity-selectivity. Moreover, poly(PFMD) and poly(PFMMD) exhibit enhanced CO2-philicity as compared to Teflons AF, which can be ascribed to the higher oxygen/carbon ratio exhibited by the former materials. To provide rational guidelines to maximize the solubility-selectivity, the enthalpic and entropic contributions to sorption coefficient were calculated and compared for several polymers of practical interest for gas separation. In the absence of localized penetrant–polymer interactions, gas sorption is controlled essentially by the free volume and solubility-selectivity is controlled by the polymer cohesive energy density.