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Visualizing Nonlinear Phononics in Layered ReSe2

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journal contribution
posted on 26.05.2021, 17:14 by Junhong Yu, Yadong Han, Longyu Wang, Fang Xu, Hang Zhang, Yuying Yu, Qiang Wu, Jianbo Hu
Nonlinear phononics has recently been demonstrated as a viable approach for dynamically modifying materials’ properties. Conventionally, nonlinearity in the lattice dynamics is introduced via the “ionic” Raman scattering, in which infrared-active phonons (i.e., coherent ionic vibrations) serve as the intermediate state for transferring energy to Raman-active phonons. Here we report that it is also possible to achieve phononic nonlinearity through the “electronic” route, a process that relies on excited electronic states to initiate energy exchange among Raman-active phonons. Taking layered ReSe2 as a model system, we use coherent phonon spectroscopy with a pump energy larger than the band gap to follow lattice dynamics and observe the nonlinear coupling between both Raman-active intralayer atomic oscillations and interlayer breathing modes. In addition, we show that such nonlinear phononic coupling is highly dependent on the environment temperature. This work, which demonstrates a different and novel mechanism, may enrich the toolkit for controlling material properties by means of nonlinear phononics.