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Visible Light-Induced Regio- and Enantiodifferentiating [2 + 2] Photocycloaddition of 1,4-Naphthoquinones Mediated by Oppositely Coordinating 1,3,2-Oxazaborolidine Chiral Lewis Acid

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journal contribution
posted on 02.06.2022, 06:13 authored by Nao Shimizu, Hajime Shigemitsu, Toshiyuki Kida, Thorsten Bach, Tadashi Mori
A range of asymmetric photochemical transformations using visible light have recently become considerably attractive. Among the various approaches, chiral Lewis acid association to enones for [2 + 2] and ortho photocycloadditions and oxadi-π-methane rearrangements have shown to be very promising. Naturally, chiral Lewis acid coordination protects one of the prochiral faces of the CC double bond, which enables an effective enantiodifferentiation in the following bond-forming process­(es). Here, we studied regio- and enantiodifferentiating [2 + 2] photocycloaddition reactions of naphthoquinone derivatives mediated by chiral oxazaborolidines. A stereochemical control was quite challenging for the 2-ene-1,4-dione substrate, as a double coordination of Lewis acid essentially cancels out the face selectivity, and a mono-coordination to each carbonyl group leads to an opposite stereochemical outcome. Furthermore, a stepwise coordination in the ground state of Lewis acid in a 1:1 fashion was practically inaccessible. We found that the excited-state decomplexation is a key to accomplish high regio- and enantioselectivities in the photocycloaddition of an ene-dione.