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Viscosities of Pure Ionic Liquids Using Combinations of Free Volume Theory or Friction Theory with the Cubic, the Cubic Plus Association, and the Perturbed-Chain Statistical Associating Fluid Theory Equations of State at High Pressures

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journal contribution
posted on 06.02.2017, 00:00 by Reza Haghbakhsh, Khalil Parvaneh, Alireza Shariati
In this study, the behaviors of viscosities of nine ionic liquids (ILs) over wide ranges of pressures and temperatures were determined. The investigated ILs belonged to the three imidazolium-based families of tetrafluoroborate, hexafluorophosphate, and bis­[(trifluoromethyl)­sulfonyl]­imide. The two well-known cubic equations of state (EoS’s) of Peng–Robinson (PR) and the Soave–Redlich–Kwong (SRK), as well as the two more-sophisticated EoS’s of cubic plus association (CPA), and perturbed-chain statistical associating fluid theory (PC-SAFT), were each coupled with two well-known theoretical viscosity models, namely the friction theory and the free volume theory. Calculated results showed that the free volume model, coupled with PC-SAFT, has superior results in comparison to the free volume model with the CPA EoS. For the viscosity model of free volume, the studied cubic EoS’s did not give accurate results. When the friction model was used, the PC-SAFT EoS once more showed better accuracy than the CPA EoS; however, the CPA results in this model were quite close to that of the PC-SAFT, while the differences were great with the free volume model. One of the remarkable conclusions for the friction theory model was the unexpectedly reliable results that it gave with the cubic EoS’s. This suggests that when highly accurate results are not crucial, this combination can be the best choice because of the significantly greater simplicity of a cubic EoS over an association EoS.