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Visbreaking of Heavy Oil in Supercritical Benzene

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journal contribution
posted on 23.01.2019, 00:00 by Xue-Qin Liu, Hao Qu, Jing-Yi Yang, Pei-Qing Yuan, Wei-Kang Yuan
The visbreaking of heavy oil in supercritical benzene (SCbenzene) was investigated. By introducing SCbenzene, the visbreaking originally occurring in the oil phase is transferred into SCbenzene. The superior diffusivity in SCbenzene improves the efficiencies of the initiation and propagation of visbreaking network, by which the reaction could be run in the desired tandem structure. By mitigating diffusion limitation to reaction kinetics, the cracking of alkyl substitutes of aromatics vital to viscosity reduction is accelerated. Being the secondary reaction of the cracking, condensation could be terminated promptly at the shortened reaction time necessary for visbreaking. A comparison between the visbreaking in SCbenzene and supercritical water (SCH2O) confirms the effectiveness of improving diffusion for the optimization on heavy oil visbreaking. Nevertheless, the optimal operating conditions involved must be determined experimentally because of the complicated interaction between phase structure and reaction kinetics. The visbreaking in SCbenzene shows the advantages of milder operating conditions and better product stability over the visbreaking in SCH2O.