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Very Strong C−H···O, N−H···O, and O−H···O Hydrogen Bonds Involving a Cyclic Phosphate

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journal contribution
posted on 21.11.2001, 00:00 by K. C. Kumara Swamy, Sudha Kumaraswamy, Praveen Kommana
Very short C−H···O, N−H···O, and O−H···O hydrogen bonds have been generated utilizing the cyclic phosphate [CH2(6-t-Bu-4-Me-C6H2O)2]P(O)OH (1). X-ray structures of (i) 1 (unsolvated, two polymorphs), 1·EtOH, and 1·MeOH, (ii) [imidazolium]+[CH2(6-t-Bu-4-Me-C6H2O)2PO2]-·MeOH [2], (iii) [HNC5H4−NN−C5H4NH]2+[{CH2(6-t-Bu-4-Me-C6H2O)2PO2}2]2-.4CH3CN·H2O [3], (v) [K, 18-crown-6]+[{CH2(6-t-Bu-4-Me-C6H2O)2P(O)OH}{CH2(6-t-Bu-4-Me-C6H2O)2PO2}]-·2THF [4], (vi) 1·cytosine·MeOH [5], (vii) 1·adenine·1/2MeOH [6], and (viii) 1·S-(−)-proline [7] have been determined. The phosphate 1 in both its forms is a hydrogen-bonded dimer with a short O−H···O distance of 2.481(2) [triclinic form] or 2.507(3) Å [monoclinic form]. Compound 2 has a helical structure with a very short C−H···O hydrogen bond involving an imidazolyl C−H and methanol in addition to N−H···O hydrogen bonds. A helical motif is also seen in 5. In 3, an extremely short N−H···O hydrogen bond [N···O 2.558(4) Å] is observed. Compounds 6 and 7 also exhibit short N−H···O hydrogen bonds. In 1·EtOH, a 12-membered hydrogen-bonded ring motif, with one of the shortest known O−H···O hydrogen bonds [O···O 2.368(4) Å], is present. 1·MeOH is a similar dimer with a very short O(−H)···O bond [2.429(3) Å]. In 4, the deprotonated phosphate (anion) and the parent acid are held together by a hydrogen bond on one side and a coordinate/covalent bond to potassium on the other; the O−H···O bond is symmetrical and very strong [O···O 2.397(3) Å].

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