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Vertical Ge–Si Nanowires with Suspended Graphene Top Contacts as Dynamically Tunable Multispectral Photodetectors

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journal contribution
posted on 05.02.2019, 00:00 by Shi Qiang Li, Amit Solanki, Jacopo Frigerio, Daniel Chrastina, Giovanni Isella, Changxi Zheng, Arman Ahnood, Kumaravelu Ganesan, Kenneth B. Crozier
Numerous applications would be enabled by pixels for multispectral imaging whose spectral responses can be dynamically tuned and that can be potentially manufactured at low cost. Here, we show such a capability, by experimentally demonstrating arrays of vertically oriented germanium–silicon heterojunction nanowires with graphene top contacts. Our devices present opportunities for multispectral imaging because their responsivity spectra can be tailored by choice of nanowire radius for enhanced absorption at certain wavelengths across the visible to short-wave infrared. Importantly, these responsivity spectra can also be dynamically tuned by bias voltage. We demonstrate this experimentally by tuning the responsivity peak of a single pixel across the visible region by varying the bias voltage and by showing that this would allow red/green/blue channels to be reconstructed. This opens the exciting prospect of a single pixel that can resolve color (i.e., replacing the three red/green/blue pixels of traditional approaches) or even resolve several bands for multispectral imaging.