Valence Band of Rutile TiO2(110) Investigated by Polarized-Light-Based Angle-Resolved Photoelectron Spectroscopy
journal contributionposted on 2022-03-04, 14:04 authored by Shanshan Dong, Shucai Xia, Chao Wang, Jingwei Dong, Tianjun Wang, Rui Li, Zefeng Ren, Dongxu Dai, Xueming Yang, Chuanyao Zhou
Band structure dictates optical and electronic properties of solids and eventually the efficiency of the semiconductor based solar conversion. Compared to numerous theoretical calculations, the experimentally measured band structure of rutile TiO2, a prototypical photocatalytic material, is rare. In this work, the valence band structure of rutile TiO2(110) is measured by angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy using polarized extreme ultraviolet light. The effective mass of the hole, which has never been measured before, is determined to be 4.66–6.87 m0 (free electron mass) and anisotropic. The dependence of photoemission intensities on excitation light polarization is analyzed by taking into account of the parity symmetry of molecular orbitals in the blocking unit of rutile TiO2. This work reports a direct measurement of valence band structure and hole effective mass of rutile TiO2(110), which will deepen our understanding of the electronic structure and charge carrier properties of the model material and provide reference data for future theoretical calculations.
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