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Using Polar Alcohols for the Direct Synthesis of Cesium Lead Halide Perovskite Nanorods with Anisotropic Emission

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journal contribution
posted on 11.07.2019, 12:37 by Yanxiu Li, He Huang, Yuan Xiong, Alexander F. Richter, Stephen V. Kershaw, Jochen Feldmann, Andrey L. Rogach
Semiconductor nanorods (NRs) offer the useful property of linearly polarized light emission. While this would be an attractive functionality for strongly emitting perovskite nanoparticles, to date, there has been limited success in demonstrating a direct chemical synthesis of cesium lead halide perovskite NRs. In this work, we realized the direct synthesis of CsPbBr3 NRs with an average width of around 5 nm and average lengths of 10.8 and 23.2 nm, respectively, in two samples, which show a high photoluminescence quantum yield of 60–76% and reasonably high emission anisotropy of about 0.2 for longer rods. Both CsPbCl3 and CsPbI3 NRs with similar dimensions have then been derived from the CsPbBr3 NRs by anion-exchange reactions. Remarkably, the synthesis of the NRs has been achieved in polar alcohols, a class of solvents not usually found to be beneficial in classical perovskite nanoparticle synthesis. This work not only offers the possibility to control the shape of chemically synthesized perovskite nanocrystals but also constitutes the hitherto less common strategy of synthesizing perovskite nanoparticles in polar rather than nonpolar or only weakly polar solvents.