American Chemical Society
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Use of La–Co@NPC for Sulfite Oxidation and Arsenic Detoxification Removal for High-Quality Sulfur Resources Recovery in Desulfurization Process

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-09-25, 17:08 authored by Tieyue Qi, Shuo Zhang, Tong Li, Lei Xing, Shanlong An, Qiangwei Li, Lidong Wang
Ammonia desulfurization is a typical resource-recovery-type wet desulfurization process that is widely used in coal-fired industrial boilers. However, the sulfur recovery is limited by the low oxidation rate of byproduct (ammonium sulfite), leading to secondary SO2 pollution due to its easy decomposability. In addition, the high toxic arsenic trace substances coexisting in desulfurization liquids also reduce the quality of the final sulfate product, facing with high environmental toxicity. In this study, nitrogen-doped porous carbon coembedded with lanthanum and cobalt (La–Co@NPC) was fabricated with heterologous catalytic active sites (Co0) and adsorption sites (LaOCl) to achieve sulfite oxidation and the efficient removal of high toxic trace arsenic for the recovery of high-value ammonium sulfate from the desulfurization liquid. The La–Co@NPC/S­(IV) catalytic system can generate numerous strongly oxidizing free radicals (·SO5 and ·O2) for the sulfite oxidation on the Co0 site, as well as oxidative detoxification of As­(III) into As­(V). Subsequently, arsenic can be removed through chemical adsorption on LaOCl adsorption sites. By using the dual-functional La–Co@NPC at a concentration of 0.25 g/L, the rate of ammonium sulfite oxidation reached 0.107 mmol/L·s–1, the arsenic (1 mg/L) removal efficiency reached 92%, and the maximum adsorption capacity of As reached up to 123 mg/g. This study can give certain guiding significance to the functional material design and the coordinated control of multiple coal-fired pollutants in desulfurization for high-value recovery of sulfur resources.