American Chemical Society
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Uptake and Biotransformation of Spirotetramat and Pymetrozine in Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L. var. ramosa Hort.)

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-23, 15:03 authored by Guoxin Liu, Xiaoxiao Feng, Yajing Guo, Xinyue Wang, Kai An, Jingao Dong, Yingchao Liu
Here, we investigated the uptake, transport, and subcellular distribution of the pesticides pymetrozine and spirotetramat, and spirotetramat metabolites B-enol, B-glu, B-mono, and B-keto, under hydroponic conditions. Spirotetramat and pymetrozine exhibited high bioconcentrations in lettuce roots, with both having root concentration factor (RCF) values >1 after exposure for 24 h. The translocation of pymetrozine from roots to shoots was higher than that of spirotetramat. Pymetrozine is absorbed in roots mainly via the symplastic pathway and is primarily stored in the soluble fraction of lettuce root and shoot cells. The cell wall and soluble fractions were the major enrichment sites of spirotetramat and its metabolites in root cells. Spirotetramat and B-enol were mainly enriched in the soluble fractions of lettuce shoot cells, whereas B-keto and B-glu accumulated in cell walls and organelles, respectively. Both symplastic and apoplastic pathways were involved in spirotetramat absorption. Pymetrozine and spirotetramat uptake by lettuce roots was passive, with no aquaporin-mediated dissimilation or diffusion. The findings of this study enhance our understanding of the transfer of pymetrozine, spirotetramat, and spirotetramat metabolites from the environment to lettuce, and their subsequent bioaccumulation. This study describes a novel approach for the efficient management of lettuce pest control using spirotetramat and pymetrozine. At the same time, it is of great significance to evaluate the food safety and environmental risks of spirotetramat and its metabolites.