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Upconversion Fluorescent Aptasensor for Polychlorinated Biphenyls Detection Based on Nicking Endonuclease and Hybridization Chain Reaction Dual-Amplification Strategy

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journal contribution
posted on 23.07.2018, 00:00 by Yu Wang, Jialei Bai, Bingyang Huo, Shuai Yuan, Man Zhang, Xuan Sun, Yuan Peng, Shuang Li, Jiang Wang, Baoan Ning, Zhixian Gao
A novel upconversion fluorescent aptasensor based on hybridization chain reaction and nicking endonuclease has been developed for detection of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). It combined the dual advantages of UCNPs and HCR. Two harpins (H1 and H2) were first designed according to the partial complementary sequence (cDNA) of the PCB72/106. Since the aptamer specifically recognized the target, the cDNA was detached from the magnetic microspheres (MMPs). The cDNA could initiate hybridization chain reaction (HCR) and open the stems of H1 and H2. After the addition of nicking endonuclease, UCNPs were further away from the quenchers (BHQ-1). Hence, the fluorescence intensity of upconversion nanoparticals (UCNPs) could be restored via fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET). Therefore, the fluorescence of UCNPs was directly proportional to concentration of PCB72/106, which was the basis for the quantification of PCB72/106. PCB72/106 could be analyzed within the ranges of 0.004 to 800 ng/mL with a detection limit of 0.0035 ng/mL (S/N = 3). The aptasensor was also used for the detection of water and soil samples, and the average recoveries ranged from 93.4% to 109.7% and 83.2% to 118.5%, respectively. The relative standard deviations (RSDs) were all below 3.2%. The signal was first amplified through HCR and further amplified with the help of nicking endonuclease. This work also provided the opportunity to develop fluorescent aptasensors for other targets using this dual-amplification strategy.