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Untargeted Screening of EPA/DHA Structured Phospholipids in Krill Oil by Chain-Lock-Driven Hydrophilic Interaction Liquid Chromatography Tandem Mass Spectrometry

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journal contribution
posted on 23.11.2020, 19:36 by Kang Chen, Huijuan Yang, Jing Xue, Qiaoling Zhao, Xina Yu, Pingya Wang, Haixing Wang, Qing Shen
Eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids structured phospholipids (PLEPA/DHA) have multiple biochemical and pharmacological effects on human health. In this study, EPA and DHA chains were locked under precursor ion scan (PreIS) mode for untargeted screening PLEPA/DHA in krill oil using hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (HILIC-MS/MS). The effect of collision energy and declustering potential on the fragmentation of EPA (m/z 301.2) and DHA (m/z 327.2) chains was studied. A total of 33 PLEPA/DHA were characterized (sn-1/sn-2) and quantified using regression models, including 16 PCEPA/DHA, 11 PEEPA/DHA, and 6 PIEPA/DHA. Afterward, this method was validated in terms of linearity (≥0.9978), sensitivity (LOD ≤ 4.02 μg·L–1), precision (RSDintraday ≤ 4.71%), and recovery (≥78.9%). Finally, the performance of HILIC-PreIS-MS/MS was compared with those of conventional methods, and the results indicated its superiority in selective screening PLEPA/DHA in krill oil.