Unprecedented C-Selective Interstrand Cross-Linking through in Situ Oxidation of Furan-Modified Oligodeoxynucleotides
journal contributionposted on 02.02.2011, 00:00 by Marieke Op de Beeck, Annemieke Madder
Chemical reagents that form interstrand cross-links have been used for a long time in cancer therapy. They covalently link two strands of DNA, thereby blocking transcription. Cross-link repair enzymes, however, can restore the transcription processes, causing resistance to certain anti-cancer drugs. The mechanism of these cross-link repair processes has not yet been fully revealed. One of the obstacles in this study is the lack of sufficient amounts of well-defined, stable, cross-linked duplexes to study the pathways of cross-link repair enzymes. Our group has developed a cross-link strategy where a furan moiety is incorporated into oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs). These furan-modified nucleic acids can form interstrand cross-links upon selective furan oxidation with N-bromosuccinimide. We here report on the incorporation of the furan moiety at the 2′-position of a uridine through an amido or ureido linker. The resulting modified ODNs display an unprecedented selectivity for cross-linking toward a cytidine opposite the modified residue, forming one specific cross-linked duplex, which could be isolated in good yield. Furthermore, the structure of the formed cross-linked duplexes could be unambiguously characterized.