American Chemical Society
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Universal Low-Temperature MWCNT-COOH-Based Counter Electrode and a New Thiolate/Disulfide Electrolyte System for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells

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journal contribution
posted on 2014-06-11, 00:00 authored by Abdulla Hilmi, Tharallah A. Shoker, Tarek H. Ghaddar
A new thiolate/disulfide organic-based electrolyte system composed of the tetrabutylammonium salt of 2-methyl-5-trifluoromethyl-2H-[1,2,4]­triazole-3-thiol (S) and its oxidized form 3,3′-dithiobis­(2-methyl-5-trifluoromethyl-2H-[1,2,4]­triazole) (DS) has been formulated and used in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). The electrocatalytic activity of different counter electrodes (CEs) has been evaluated by means of measuring J–V curves, cyclic voltammetry, Tafel plots, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. A stable and low-temperature CE based on acid-functionalized multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT-COOH) was investigated with our S/DS, I/I3, T/T2, and CoII/III-based electrolyte systems. The proposed CE showed superb electrocatalytic activity toward the regeneration of the different electrolytes. In addition, good stability of solar cell devices based on the reported electrolyte and CE was shown.