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Unexpected Ferromagnetic Interaction in a New Tetranuclear Copper(II) Complex:  Synthesis, Crystal Structure, Magnetic Properties, and Theoretical Studies

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journal contribution
posted on 11.07.2005, 00:00 by Matilde Fondo, Ana M. García-Deibe, Monstserrat Corbella, Eliseo Ruiz, Javier Tercero, Jesús Sanmartín, Manuel R. Bermejo
The new tetranuclear carbonate complex [Cu2L)2(CO3)]·8H2O (1·8H2O) (H3L = (2-(2-hydroxyphenyl)-1,3-bis[4-(2-hydroxyphenyl)-3-azabut-3-enyl]-1,3-imidazolidine) has been obtained by two different synthetic routes and fully characterized. Recrystallization of 1·8H2O in methanol yields single crystals of {[(Cu2L)2(CO3)]}2·12H2O (1·6H2O), suitable for X-ray diffraction studies. The crystal structure of 1·6H2O shows two crystallographically different tetranuclear molecules in the asymmetric unit, 1a and 1b. Both molecules can be understood as self-assembled from two dinuclear [Cu2L]+ cations, joined by a μ4211 carbonate ligand. The copper atoms of each crystallographically different [(Cu2L)2(CO3)] molecule present miscellaneous coordination polyhedra:  in both 1a and 1b, two metal centers are in square pyramidal environments, one displays a square planar chromophore and the other one has a geometry that can be considered as an intermediate between square pyramid and trigonal bipyramid. Magnetic studies reveal net intramolecular ferromagnetic coupling between the metal atoms. Density functional calculations allow the assignment of the different magnetic coupling constants and explain the unexpected ferromagnetic behavior, because of the presence of an unusual NCN bridging moiety and countercomplementarity of the phenoxo (or carbonate) and NCN bridges.