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Understanding MXene-Based “Symmetric” Supercapacitors and Redox Electrolyte Energy Storage

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journal contribution
posted on 08.05.2020, 20:03 by Yapeng Tian, Chenhui Yang, Yangyang Luo, Hongyang Zhao, Yaping Du, Ling Bing Kong, Wenxiu Que
With the development of renewable energy sources, supercapacitors (SCs) have drawn considerable attention due to their high rate performance and power density. Ti3C2Tx (MXene) shows an excellent physical and chemical nature, making it a promising electrode material for SCs. Here, Ti3C2Tx-based symmetric SCs are examined by employing in situ Raman and X-ray diffraction, revealing that the redox of Ti–O with the bonding/debonding of hydronium ions occurs in the negative electrode, while the positive electrode mainly involves the intercalation pseudocapacitance of hydronium ions. Meanwhile, the results reveal the asymmetric split of voltage between the two electrodes in the H2SO4 electrolyte. Furthermore, the shift of the open circuit potential is observed because of the partial oxidation of the positive electrode. As a result, the negative electrode exhibits a much larger capacitance than that of the positive electrode. Thus, a strategy is proposed by introducing redox-active species into the traditional H2SO4 electrolyte. The results show that the positive electrode is converted to battery-type capacitance and the working potential range for the negative electrode is expanded, leading to an obvious improvement in capacitance for SCs. Moreover, the Ti3C2Tx-based SCs show an energy density of 33.2 Wh L–1 in the mixed electrolyte, which is much higher than that in the H2SO4 electrolyte (14.3 Wh L–1). Therefore, this method can be used as a highly effective strategy for improving the energy storage capacity of MXene-based SCs.