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Ultrathin Scale Tailoring of Anisotropic Magnetic Coupling and Anomalous Magnetoresistance in SrRuO3−PrMnO3 Superlattices

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journal contribution
posted on 26.11.2018, 00:00 by Antarjami Sahoo, Wilfrid Prellier, Prahallad Padhan
A strong perpendicular magnetocrystalline anisotropy (PMA) in antiferromagnetically coupled SrRuO3(17 uc (unit cell))/PrMnO3(n uc) superlattices effectively reconstructs the interfacial spin ordering. The occurrence of significant anisotropic interfacial antiferromagnetic coupling between the Ru and Mn ions is systematically tuned by varying the PrMnO3 layer thickness in ultrathin scale from 3 to 12 uc, which is associated with a rise in PMA energy from 0.28 × 106 to 1.60 × 106 erg/cm3. The analysis using the Stoner–Wohlfarth model and density functional theory confirm that the exchange anisotropy is the major contribution to the PMA. The superlattices with PrMnO3 layer thickness ≥7 uc exhibit the tunneling-like transport of Ru 4d electrons, which is rather expected in the stronger antiferromagnetically coupled superlattices with thinner PrMnO3 layer. Tunneling-like transport at thicker spacer layer in the SrRuO3–PrMnO3 superlattice system is an unique feature of two ferromagnet-based superlattices. Our investigations show that the technologically important interfacial magnetic coupling, PMA, and tunneling magnetoresistance could be achieved in a periodically stacked bilayer and can be precisely manipulated by the size effect in ultrathin scale.

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