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Ultrastable Quantum Dot Composite Films under Severe Environments

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journal contribution
posted on 13.04.2018, 00:00 by Zunxian Yang, Yuxiang Zhang, Jiahui Liu, Jingwei Ai, Shouqiang Lai, Zhiwei Zhao, Bingqing Ye, Yushuai Ruan, Tailiang Guo, Xuebin Yu, Gengxu Chen, Yuanyuan Lin, Sheng Xu
Semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) have attracted extensive attention because of their remarkable optical and electrical characteristics. However, the practical application of QDs and further the QD composite films have greatly been hindered mainly owing to their essential drawbacks of extreme unstability under oxygen and water environments. Herein, one simple method has been employed to enhance enormously the stability of CdxZn1–xSeyS1–y QD composite films by a combination of CdxZn1–xSeyS1–y QDs and poly­(vinylidene) fluoride (PVDF), which is characteristic of closely arranged molecular chains and strong hydrogen bonds. There are many particular advantages in using QD/PVDF composite films such as easy processing, low cost, large-area fabrication, and especially extreme stability even in the boiling water for more than 240 min. By employing K2SiF6:Mn4+ as a red phosphor, a prototype white light-emitting diode (WLED) with color coordinates of (0.3307, 0.3387), Tc of 5568 K, and color gamut 112.1NTSC(1931)% at 20 mA has been fabricated, and there is little variation under different excitation currents, indicating that the QD/PVDF composite films fabricated by this simple blade-coating process make them ideal candidates for liquid-crystal display backlight utilization via assembling a WLED on a large scale owing to its ultrahigh stability under severe environments.