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Ultrastable Luminescent Organic–Inorganic Perovskite Quantum Dots via Surface Engineering: Coordination of Methylammonium Bromide and Covalent Silica Encapsulation

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journal contribution
posted on 15.11.2018, 00:00 by Fan-long Zeng, Mu Yang, Jing-lei Qin, Feng Teng, Yi-quan Wang, Gen-xiang Chen, Da-wei Wang, Hong-shang Peng
Encapsulation of luminescent perovskite quantum dots (QDs) into a solid matrix has been approved to be an efficient way to improve their stability. In this work, we reported a green encapsulation method to produce ultrastable CH3NH3PbBr3 QDs incorporated into the SiO2 matrix. Specifically, fresh-prepared CH3NH3PbBr3 QDs were covalently embedded into silica by an aqueous sol–gel method assisted with CH3NH3Br, which not only effectively inhibited the water-driven degradation of QDs through surface coordination, but also strongly stabilized the QDs in solid powder via concentration gradient. As far as we know, this silica encapsulation of perovskite QDs in aqueous environments is reported for the first time. Luminescent properties of perovskite QDs during the course of gelation as well as in resulting composite powder were investigated using steady-state and time-resolved spectroscopies, and a 2 wt % QD-doped sample treated with 11.5 mM of CH3NH3Br was demonstrated to be the optimal phosphor. The green-emissive phosphor had a PLQY of 60.3% and a full width at half maxima of ∼25 nm, exhibiting ultrahigh stability tested by cycle heating (120 °C), continuous heating (80 °C, 60 h), and light irradiation (450 nm light, 350 h). The phosphor was readily blended with polymers and applied as a color-converting layer on blue light-emitting diodes.