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Ultrasensitive Detection of 17β-Estradiol (E2) Based on Multistep Isothermal Amplification

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journal contribution
posted on 02.03.2021, 22:04 by Weiya Wang, Yuan Peng, Jin Wu, Man Zhang, Qiaofeng Li, Zunquan Zhao, Mingzhu Liu, Jiu Wang, Gaofang Cao, Jialei Bai, Zhixian Gao
17β-Estradiol (E2) can cause an adverse effect on the human endocrine system even at the nanomolar level. Measurements of very low levels of E2 remain a critical challenge due to insufficient sensitivity. In this study, a multistep isothermal amplification fluorescence strategy was constructed, which could realize the exponential amplification of target E2. Specifically, strand displacement reaction (SDA), rolling circle amplification (RCA), and multiprimed rolling circle amplification (MRCA) were combined in a series to quantify trace complementary strand of E2 (cDNA). The E2 aptamer and cDNA were hybridized and modified on the magnetic beads. E2 could bind to its aptamer and cause the release of the cDNA. Then, cDNA would combine with the template DNA, initiating the SDA–RCA–MRCA. The molecular beacons, possessing low background signal, whose fluorescence was quenched in the state of chain folding, could be specifically recognized by the long single-stranded DNA (L-ssDNA) generated by the multistep isothermal amplification triggered by cDNA, and then the fluorescence of the molecular beacons could be restored. Therefore, the E2 could be quantitatively detected by the recovery fluorescence intensity. The fluorescence value showed a good linear relationship with the concentration of E2 in the range of 0.001836–183.6 nM, and the limit of detection (LOD) was as low as 63.09 fM. In addition, the recovery rates of this method spiked in milk and water were 80.8–107.0%, respectively. This method has the advantage of multistep isothermal amplification to obtain abundant fluorescence signals, which may provide a new possibility for highly sensitive detection of other small-molecule targets.