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Ultralow Loading Copper-Intercalated MoO3 Nanobelts with High Activity against Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria

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posted on 2024-03-29, 17:37 authored by Hu Liu, Yuhui Zuo, Shiyang Lv, Xiaohui Liu, Jiamin Zhang, Chenli Zhao, Xiaomin Xu, Yuanhong Xu, Xinsheng Wang
In recent years, the infection rate of antibiotic resistance has been increasing year by year, and the prevalence of super bacteria has posed a great threat to human health. Therefore, there is an urgent need to find new antibiotic alternatives with long-term inhibitory activity against a broad spectrum of bacteria and microorganisms in order to avoid the proliferation of more multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria. The presence of natural van der Waals (vdW) gaps in layered materials allows them to be easily inserted by different guest species, providing an attractive strategy for optimizing their physicochemical properties and applications. Here, we have successfully constructed a copper-intercalated α-MoO3 nanobelt based on nanoenzymes, which is antibacterial through the synergistic effect of multiple enzymes. Compared with α-MoO3, MoO3–x/Cu nanobelts with a copper loading capacity of 2.11% possess enhanced peroxidase (POD) catalytic activity and glutathione (GSH) depletion, indicating that copper intercalation significantly improves the catalytic performance of the nanoenzymes. The MoO3–x/Cu nanobelts are effective in inducing POD and oxidase (OXD) and catalase (CAT) activities in the presence of H2O2 and O2, which resulted in the generation of large amounts of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which were effective in bacterial killing. Interestingly, MoO3–x/Cu nanobelts can serve as glutathione oxidase (GSHOx)-like nanoenzymes, which can deplete GSH in bacteria and thus significantly improve the bactericidal effect. The multienzyme-catalyzed synergistic antimicrobial strategy shows excellent antimicrobial efficiency against β-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli (ESBL-E. coli) and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). MoO3–x/Cu exhibits excellent spectral bactericidal properties at very low concentrations (20 μg mL–1). Our work highlights the wide range of antibacterial and anti-infective biological applications of copper-intercalated MoO3–x/Cu nanobelt catalysts.

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