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Ultralow Density, Monolithic WS2, MoS2, and MoS2/Graphene Aerogels

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journal contribution
posted on 26.05.2015, 00:00 by Marcus A. Worsley, Swanee J. Shin, Matthew D. Merrill, Jeremy Lenhardt, Art J. Nelson, Leta Y. Woo, Alex E. Gash, Theodore F. Baumann, Christine A. Orme
We describe the synthesis and characterization of monolithic, ultralow density WS2 and MoS2 aerogels, as well as a high surface area MoS2/graphene hybrid aerogel. The monolithic WS2 and MoS2 aerogels are prepared via thermal decomposition of freeze-dried ammonium thio-molybdate (ATM) and ammonium thio-tungstate (ATT) solutions, respectively. The densities of the pure dichalcogenide aerogels represent 0.4% and 0.5% of full density MoS2 and WS2, respectively, and can be tailored by simply changing the initial ATM or ATT concentrations. Similar processing in the presence of the graphene aerogel results in a hybrid structure with MoS2 sheets conformally coating the graphene scaffold. This layered motif produces a ∼50 wt % MoS2 aerogel with BET surface area of ∼700 m2/g and an electrical conductivity of 112 S/m. The MoS2/graphene aerogel shows promising results as a hydrogen evolution reaction catalyst with low onset potential (∼100 mV) and high current density (100 mA/cm2 at 260 mV).

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