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Ultrafast and Efficient Extraction of Uranium from Seawater Using an Amidoxime Appended Metal–Organic Framework

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journal contribution
posted on 14.09.2017, 00:00 by Long Chen, Zhuanling Bai, Lin Zhu, Linjuan Zhang, Yawen Cai, Yuxiang Li, Wei Liu, Yanlong Wang, Lanhua Chen, Juan Diwu, Jianqiang Wang, Zhifang Chai, Shuao Wang
Enrichment of uranyl from seawater is crucial for the sustainable development of nuclear energy, but current uranium extraction technology suffers from multiple drawbacks of low sorption efficiency, slow uptake kinetics, or poor extraction selectivity. Herein, we prepared the first example of amidoxime appended metal–organic framework UiO-66-AO by a postsynthetic modification method for rapid and efficient extraction of uranium from seawater. UiO-66-AO can remove 94.8% of uranyl ion from Bohai seawater within 120 min and 99% of uranyl ion from Bohai seawater containing extra 500 ppb uranium within 10 min. The uranyl sorption capacity in a real seawater sample was determined to be 2.68 mg/g. In addition, the recyclability of the UiO-66-AO framework was demonstrated for at least three adsorption/desorption cycles. The origin for the superior sorption capability was further probed by extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) analysis on the uranium-sorbed sample, suggesting multiple amidoxime ligands are able to chelate uranyl­(VI) ions, forming a hexagonal bipyramid coordination geometry.