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Ultracompact Photonic Coupling Splitters Twisted by PTT Nanowires

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journal contribution
posted on 10.09.2008, 00:00 by Xiaobo Xing, Heng Zhu, Yuqing Wang, Baojun Li
We report a series of ultracompact photonic coupling splitters with multi-input/output ports assembled by twisting flexible polymer nanowires, which were fabricated by one-step drawing method from poly(trimethylene terephthalate) (PTT). Experimental demonstration shows that the properties of the splitters are dependent on the operation wavelength and the input branch of the optical signal launched. For a fixed operation wavelength and the input branch, desirable splitting ratio can be tuned by controlling the input/output branching angle. The excess loss of these splitters is less than 1 dB, and the intrinsic loss is less than 0.4 dB. They are desirable for high density photonic integrated circuits (PICs) and nanonetworks, while the twisting technology will be useful in constructing other wire-based photonic devices.