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Ultra-Fine Gold Nanoparticles Enabled Au-BST NF/PVTC Composites to Have Excellent Energy Storage Performance

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journal contribution
posted on 01.07.2021, 12:35 by Xiaoying Xiong, Qilong Zhang, Hui Yang
Composites composed of a polymer matrix and inorganic fillers have attracted tremendous attention owing to their promising application in flexible dielectric film capacitors. However, boosting the energy density while ensuring a high charging-discharging efficiency is still a huge challenge. In this work, Ba0.6Sr0.4TiO3 nanofibers (BST NFs) doped with different contents of ultra-fine Au nanoparticles are precisely prepared by one-step electrospinning, and P­(VDF-TrFE-CFE) (PVTC)-based composites incorporated with various nanofibers are further prepared via a solution-casting process. A superior discharged energy density of 14.2 J/cm3 and an excellent energy storage efficiency of 71.3% have been achieved in such monolayer composites by optimizing the doping content and distribution of ultra-fine Au nanoparticles in BST NFs, which are induced by enhanced electric displacement and ensure suppressed energy loss and improved electric breakdown strength. Hence, doping moderate ultra-fine metal nanoparticles in one-dimensional inorganic nanofillers is a feasible strategy for designing polymer-based composites with outstanding performance.