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UV and IR Spectroscopy of Cryogenically Cooled, Lanthanide-Containing Ions in the Gas Phase

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journal contribution
posted on 20.12.2016, 17:35 by Yoshiya Inokuchi, Masashi Kaneko, Takumi Honda, Satoru Nakashima, Takayuki Ebata, Thomas R. Rizzo
We measure UV and IR spectra in the gas phase for EuOH+, EuCl+, and TbO+ ions, which are produced by an electrospray ionization source and cooled to ∼10 K in a cold, 22-pole ion trap. The UV photodissociation (UVPD) spectra of these ions show a number of sharp, well-resolved bands in the 30000–38000 cm–1 region, although a definite assignment of the spectra is difficult because of a high degree of congestion. We also measure an IR spectrum of the EuOH+ ion in the 3500–3800 cm–1 region by IR–UV double-resonance spectroscopy, which reveals an OH stretching band at 3732 cm–1. We perform density functional theory (DFT) and time-dependent DFT (TD-DFT) calculations of these ions in order to examine the nature of the transitions. The DFT results indicate that the states of highest-spin multiplicity (octet for EuOH+ and EuCl+ and septet for TbO+) are substantially more stable than other states of lower-spin multiplicity. The TD-DFT calculations suggest that UV absorption of the EuOH+ and EuCl+ ions arises from Eu­(4f) → Eu­(5d,6p) transitions, whereas electronic transitions of the TbO+ ion are mainly due to the electron promotion of O­(2p) → Tb­(4f,6s). The UVPD results of the lanthanide-containing ions in this study suggest the possibility of using lanthanide ions as “conformation reporters” for gas-phase spectroscopy for large molecules.