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Two New Polymorphs of the Organic Semiconductor 9,10-Diphenylanthracene: Raman and X‑ray Analysis

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journal contribution
posted on 10.02.2016, 20:35 by Tommaso Salzillo, Raffaele Guido Della Valle, Elisabetta Venuti, Aldo Brillante, Theo Siegrist, Matteo Masino, Francesco Mezzadri, Alberto Girlando
Raman microscopy in the lattice phonon region coupled with X-ray diffraction have been used to study the polymorphism in crystals and microcrystals of the organic semiconductor 9,10-diphenylanthracene (DPA) obtained by various methods. While solution grown specimens all display the well-known monoclinic structure widely reported in the literature, by varying the growth conditions two more polymorphs have been obtained, either from the melt or by sublimation. By injecting water as a nonsolvent in a DPA solution, one of the two new polymorphs was predominantly obtained in the shape of microribbons. Lattice energy calculations allow us to assess the relative thermodynamic stability of the polymorphs and verify that the energies of the different phases are very sensitive to the details of the molecular geometry adopted in the solid state. The mobility channels of DPA polymorphs are shortly investigated.