American Chemical Society
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Two Dual-Function Zr/Hf-MOFs as High-Performance Proton Conductors and Amines Impedance Sensors

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-02-09, 16:06 authored by Lu-Lu Kang, Chen Xing, Yi-Xin Jin, Li-Xia Xie, Zi-Feng Li, Gang Li
In the field of sensing, finding high-performance amine molecular sensors has always been a challenging topic. Here, two highly stable 3D MOFs DUT-67­(Hf) and DUT-67­(Zr) with large specific surface areas and hierarchical pore structures were conveniently synthesized by solvothermal reaction of ZrCl4/HfCl4 with a simple organic ligand, 2,5-thiophene dicarboxylic acid (H2TDC) according to literature approach. By analyzing TGA data, it was found that the two MOFs have defects (unsaturated metal sites) that can interact with substrates (H2O and volatile amine gas), which is conducive to proton transfer and amine compound identification. Further experiments showed that at 100 °C and 98% relative humidity (RH), the optimized proton conductivities of DUT-67­(Zr) and DUT-67­(Hf) can reach the high values of 2.98 × 10–3 and 3.86 × 10–3 S cm–1, respectively. Moreover, the room temperature sensing characteristics of MOFs’ to amine gases were evaluated at 68, 85 and 98% RHs, respectively. Impressively, the prepared MOFs-based sensors have the desired stability and higher sensitivity to amines. Under 68% RH, the detection limits of DUT-67­(Zr) or DUT-67­(Hf) for volatile amine gases were 0.5 (methylamine), 0.5 (dimethylamine) and 1 ppm (trimethylamine), and 0.5 (methylamine), 0.5 (dimethylamine) and 0.5 ppm (trimethylamine), respectively. As far as we know, this is the best performance of ammonia room temperature sensors in the past proton-conductive MOF sensors.