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Two-Dimensional Multimode Terahertz Random Lasing with Metal Pillars

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journal contribution
posted on 13.06.2018, 00:00 by Yongquan Zeng, Guozhen Liang, Bo Qiang, Kedi Wu, Jing Tao, Xiaonan Hu, Lianhe Li, Alexander Giles Davies, Edmund Harold Linfield, Hou Kun Liang, Ying Zhang, Yidong Chong, Qi Jie Wang
Random lasers employing multiple scattering and interference processes in highly disordered media have been studied for several decades. However, it remains a challenge to achieve a broadband multimode random laser with high scattering efficiency, particularly at long wavelengths. Here, we develop a new class of strongly multimode random lasers in the terahertz (THz) frequency range in which optical feedback is provided by multiple scattering from metal pillars embedded in a quantum cascade (QC) gain medium. Compared with the dielectric pillars or air hole approaches used in previous random lasers, metal pillars provide high scattering efficiency over a broader range of frequencies and with low ohmic losses. Complex emission spectra are observed with over 25 emission peaks across a 0.4 THz frequency range, limited primarily by the gain bandwidth of the QC wafer employed. The experimental results are corroborated by numerical simulations that show the lasing modes are strongly localized.