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Tuning Adsorption and Catalytic Properties of α‑Cr2O3 and ZnO in Propane Dehydrogenation by Creating Oxygen Vacancy and Doping Single Pt Atom: A Comparative First-Principles Study

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journal contribution
posted on 28.05.2019, 00:00 by Qing-Yu Chang, Qiang Yin, Fang Ma, Yi-An Zhu, Zhi-Jun Sui, Xing-Gui Zhou, De Chen, Wei-Kang Yuan
Density functional theory calculations have been performed to examine the different catalytic behaviors of α-Cr2O3 and ZnO in propane dehydrogenation. On ZnO(101̅0), adsorption of a Lewis acid at the metal site can be strengthened with the coadsorption of a Lewis base at an adjacent oxygen site. In contrast, this Lewis acid–base interaction does not occur on Cr2O3(0001) because the Cr ions can exist in a lower oxidation state and thus withdraw electrons from the base, which limits the ability of the oxide to transfer electrons to the acid. Both creating oxygen vacancy and doping single Pt atom on ZnO(101̅0) may give rise to a weaker acid–base interaction and hence to a change in the active site. Microkinetic analysis indicates formation of oxygen vacancy has a positive and negative effect on the reactivity of α-Cr2O3 and ZnO, respectively, whereas doping a Pt single atom invariably promotes the dehydrogenation reaction.