American Chemical Society
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Tunable and Processable Shape-Memory Materials Based on Solvent-Free, Catalyst-Free Polycondensation between Formaldehyde and Diamine at Room Temperature

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posted on 2019-05-03, 14:46 authored by Hengxin Lei, Shengnan Wang, Der Jang Liaw, Yilong Cheng, Xutong Yang, Jidong Tan, Xingxing Chen, Junwei Gu, Yanfeng Zhang
Compared with traditional thermosets, malleable thermosets have more applications in aerospace, biotechnology, and construction. Here we report a one-step, solvent-free, catalyst-free polycondensation method between diamine and formaldehyde to prepare a series of malleable hemiaminal dynamic covalent networks (HDCNs). The materials have excellent malleability and reprocessability by hot pressing. The Young’s modulus and breaking strength of HDCNs obtained by the polycondensation of formaldehyde and 4,4-diaminodiphenylmethane (MDA) are as high as 1.6 GPa and 60 MPa, respectively, which can be facilely adjusted through the introduction of polyetheramine-400 (PEDA). Moreover, the HDCNs feature the shape memory ability with a recovery ratio above 93.5% and can be recycled by the addition of different monomers. This promising HDCN, prepared from economical raw materials, may have vast applications in industries.

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