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Tunable Thickness and Photoluminescence of Bipyramidal Hexagonal β-NaYF4 Microdisks

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journal contribution
posted on 13.01.2009, 00:00 by Jianle Zhuang, Jing Wang, Xianfeng Yang, Ian D. Williams, Wei Zhang, Qinyuan Zhang, Zhouming Feng, Zhongmin Yang, Chaolun Liang, Mingmei Wu, Qiang Su
Hexagonal β-NaYF4 was synthesized as capped bipyramidal microdisks solvothermally from yttria (Y2O3), sodium fluoride and ammonium hydrogen fluoride. The microdisks are bound by up to eighteen faces; six {202̅3} facets on both the top and bottom of the disk and six radial {101̅0} facets around its central band. The overall morphology and particle size can be modified through change of temperature or alcoholic solvent, both of which affect the development of the {101̅0} faces. The photoluminescence properties of doped microdisks, such as down-conversion in the case of β-NaYF4:Eu3+ or up-conversion for β-NaYF4:Yb3+/Er3+, were investigated in detail. The lifetime and emission of the Eu3+ and Er3+ ions appear related to the morphology of the host crystals. This system provides an excellent example in the tuning and optimization of the optical properties of a material through morphological control via facile change of synthetic conditions.

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