Tumor-Penetrating Nanoparticles for Enhanced Anticancer Activity of Combined Photodynamic and Hypoxia-Activated Therapy
journal contributionposted on 06.02.2017, 13:50 by Yazhe Wang, Ying Xie, Jing Li, Zheng-Hong Peng, Yuri Sheinin, Jianping Zhou, David Oupický
Poor tumor penetration is a major challenge for the use of nanoparticles in anticancer therapy. Moreover, the inability to reach hypoxic tumor cells that are distant from blood vessels results in inadequate exposure to antitumor therapeutics and contributes to development of chemoresistance and increased metastasis. In the present study, we developed iRGD-modified nanoparticles for simultaneous tumor delivery of a photosensitizer indocyanine green (ICG) and hypoxia-activated prodrug tirapazamine (TPZ). The iRGD-modified nanoparticles loaded with ICG and TPZ showed significantly improved penetration in both 3D tumor spheroids in vitro and orthotopic breast tumors in vivo. ICG-mediated photodynamic therapy upon irradiation with a near-IR laser induced hypoxia, which activated antitumor activity of the codelivered TPZ for synergistic cell-killing effect. In vivo studies demonstrated that the nanoparticles could efficiently deliver the drug combination in 4T1 orthotopic tumors. Primary tumor growth and metastasis were effectively inhibited by the iRGD-modified combination nanoparticles with minimal side effects. The results also showed the anticancer benefits of codelivering ICG and TPZ in a single nanoparticle formulation in contrast to a mixture of nanoparticles containing individual drugs. The study demonstrates the benefits of combining tumor-penetrating nanoparticles with hypoxia-activated drug treatment and establishes a delivery platform for PDT and hypoxia-activated chemotherapy.
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blood vessels resultsPrimary tumor growthhypoxia-activated prodrug tirapazamineTPZHypoxia-Activated Therapy Poor tumor penetrationhypoxia-activated drug treatmentPDThypoxic tumor cellsEnhanced Anticancer Activity4 T 1 orthotopic tumorsICG-mediated photodynamic therapyiRGD-modified nanoparticles3 D tumor spheroidsorthotopic breast tumorsiRGD-modified combination nanoparticles