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Tryptic Stability of Synthetic Bactenecin Derivatives Is Determined by the Side Chain Length of Cationic Residues and the Peptide Conformation

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journal contribution
posted on 09.03.2016, 00:00 by Mojtaba Bagheri, Shima Arasteh, Evan F. Haney, Robert E. W. Hancock
Synthetic bactenecins 1 (HHC-10) and 10 (HHC-36), with excellent activities against bacterial superbugs, display low tryptic stability. To investigate factors influencing this stability, a series of 1/10 derived peptides bearing arginine and lysine analogues with varied methylene chains as well as all-d-isomers were synthesized. Whereas incorporation of d-/l-nonproteinogenic amino acids into the turn-forming peptides did not dramatically affect the antimicrobial activities, the degree of peptide cleavage decreased significantly in peptides with the shortest length of cationic side chain and was influenced by the relative conformational stabilities of the turn structure and the stereoselectivity of tryptic digestion. The site of enzymatic cleavage was located at the less conformationally hindered position distant from the turn motif. Isothermal titration calorimetry showed strong and weak constant increments in the generated heat of enzymatic reaction of unstable and slowly degradable peptides with trypsin, respectively, and suggested a one-site binding model for the enthalpy-driven all-d-peptide-trypsin interactions.