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Tröger’s Base-Based Microporous Polyimide Membranes for High-Performance Gas Separation

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journal contribution
posted on 15.07.2014, 00:00 by Zhenggong Wang, Dong Wang, Feng Zhang, Jian Jin
It is a great challenge for polyimide to increase its permeability and at the same time to maintain its high selectivity. In this work, Tröger’s Base (TB)-based polyimides through polymerizing Tröger’s Base diamines with two kinds of anhydrides were successfully synthesized to enhance the permeability of polyimides for gas separation. The TB-polyimide membranes exhibited greatly improved gas separation performance for H2/CH4, H2/N2, He/CH4, and CO2/CH4 gas pairs, among which the separation performance of 6-FDA-based TB-polyimides approaches or slightly exceeds the 2008 Robeson upper bound. Our results revealed that the TB unit with rigid and in-built amine structure plays an important role for increasing the permeability of polyimides and simultaneously maintaining high selectivity. In addition, the TB-based polyimide membranes exhibited extremely high solubility selectivity for the CO2/N2 gas pair up to 62.7 due to a strong affinity between CO2 and nitrogen atoms of tertiary amine in TB.