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Triacylglycerol Containing Medium-Chain Fatty Acids: Comparison of Human Milk and Infant Formulas on Lipolysis during In Vitro Digestion

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posted on 30.03.2020, 15:43 by Tinglan Yuan, Ziwei Geng, Xinyue Dai, Xinghe Zhang, Wei Wei, Xingguo Wang, Qingzhe Jin
Medium-chain triacylglycerol (MCT) is widely used in infant formulas (IFs) to provide medium-chain fatty acids (MCFAs) for infants with special fat absorption requirements. However, MCFAs naturally present in human milk are medium-and long-chain triacylglycerols (MLCTs). This study investigated the effect of triacylglycerol containing MCFAs (MLCT vs MCT) on lipolysis by comparison of human milk and IFs containing 0, 20, 30, and 55% of MCT (IF 1 to IF 4) using an in vitro digestion model. Rabbit gastric lipase showed an extent of digestion within the expected range, and was selected as the alternative to human gastric lipase. All IFs showed a lower lipolysis degree compared with human milk. There was no significant difference (p = 0.175) among IFs supplemented with MCT at the end of intestinal digestion. In addition, the digestion of IFs with different MCT contents led to different free fatty acid profiles, which may have health effects on infants.

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