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Treatment of Lung Cancer by Peptide-Modified Liposomal Irinotecan Endowed with Tumor Penetration and NF-κB Inhibitory Activities

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posted on 02.09.2020, 13:52 by Yang Hu, Yanyu Zhang, Xiaoyi Wang, Kuan Jiang, Huan Wang, Shengyu Yao, Yu Liu, Yao-Zhong Lin, Gang Wei, Weiyue Lu
Current chemotherapy for lung cancer achieved limited efficacy due to poor tumor targeting and tissue penetration. Another obstacle in the therapy is activated nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) in tumor cells, which plays a crucial role in promotion of antiapoptosis and drug resistance. In this study, we utilized a multifunctional liposome loaded with irinotecan and surface modified with a cell-permeable NF-κB inhibitor (CB5005), for treatment of non-small-cell lung carcinoma. CB5005 downregulated the level of NF-κB-related protein in the nuclei of A549 cells, and increased cellular uptake of the modified liposomes. In vivo antitumor activity in mice bearing A549 xenografts revealed that modification with CB5005 significantly improved the tumor inhibition rate of irinotecan. Immunohistochemical assays showed that the tumors treated with CB5005-modified liposomes possessed the most apoptotic cells and the lowest level of p50 in the cell nuclei. These results strongly suggest that antitumor efficacy of the irinotecan liposomes can be enhanced by tumor-penetrating and NF-κB-inhibiting functions of CB5005. Consequently, CB5005-modified liposomes provide a possible synergistic therapy for lung cancer, and would also be appropriate for other types of tumors associated with elevated NF-κB activity.

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