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Translational Isomerizations in [2]Catenanes with Unsymmetrically Substituted Resorcinol-Based Tethers

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journal contribution
posted on 12.10.2007, 00:00 by Ronald L. Halterman, David E. Martyn
The translational isomerizations of nine [2]catenanes (210) containing an electron-rich dibenzo-34-crown-10 ether (BPP34C10) interlocked with rings containing an unsymmetric 4-substituted (chloro, ethyl, or hexyl) resorcinol-based tether linking two electron-deficient dipyridyl groups have been studied by variable temperature (VT) 1H NMR spectroscopy. The second symmetric tether between the dipyridyl groups was a large 5-(4-tert-butylphenyl)-1,3-xylyl (catenanes 24), a narrower 1,3-xylyl (catenanes 57), or a narrow 1,4-xylyl (catenanes 810) group. The presence of the unsymmetrically placed substituent on the resorcinol tether substantially affected the binding energy of the BPP34C10 ring when π-stacked over either of the dipyridyl groups; the equilibrium constant between the bistable states was found to range from 1.5 to 3.5. The origin of these energy differences is postulated to stem from an unsymmetric twisting of the resorcinol tether to minimize interaction between the 4-substituent and the ethoxy group at the 3-position. The activation barriers for passage over the 4-substituted resorcinol-based tether were 12.5, 13, and 15 kcal/mol for the chloro, ethyl, and hexyl substituents, respectively.

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