Transformation of YF3 into Y(OH)3 by a Mechanochemical Process: Extracting Yttrium from Rare Earth Smelting Slag under Mild Conditions
journal contributionposted on 2023-03-18, 18:05 authored by Yucheng Liu, Kaibo Hu, Xiaowen Zhou, Chuanqi Zhang, Fang Gao, Xuewei Li, Yinhua Wan
The yttrium (Y) element in the calciothermic reduction YF3 smelting slag (YSS) has a recovery value, and the conventional direct alkali transformation-acid leaching method of recovering rare earth elements (REEs) from solid waste, which contains rare earth fluoride, has encountered problems of high energy and alkali consumption and low leaching rate. In this study, a green process for the transformation of YF3 to Y(OH)3 at room temperature was achieved by employing a mechanochemical method. The process is environment-friendly, with zero emission, less acid/alkali consumption, and water recyclability. It was found that YF3 will be “passivated” by a newly formed Y(OH)3 product layer under the alkaline condition, resulting in the unsustainable transformation of YF3 to Y(OH)3. However, the mechanical force could destroy the coating of Y(OH)3 and promoted the transformation of YF3 to Y(OH)3 completely; as such, the transformation efficiency of YF3 reached 98.2%. On this basis, the process of extracting Y from YSS was further studied, and the results showed that YF3 in YSS was successfully transformed into Y(OH)3 and the leaching rate of Y reached 96.2%. Therefore, it is expected to be a new technology to recover REEs from waste slag or minerals that contain rare earth fluoride and has good industrial application prospect.
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“ passivated ”oh )< sub3 </ sublow leaching ratecalciothermic reduction yfacid leaching methodleaching ratemechanochemical methodless acidzero emissionwater recyclabilitywaste slagsuccessfully transformedsolid wastesmelting slagroom temperatureresults showedrecovery valuereached 98reached 96product layernewly formednew technologymild conditionshigh energyencountered problemsalkaline conditionalkali consumption2 %.