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Transferred-Rotational-Echo Double Resonance

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journal contribution
posted on 19.01.2021, 17:07 by Xizhou Cecily Zhang, Marcel C. Forster, Evgeny Nimerovsky, Kumar Tekwani Movellan, Loren B. Andreas
Internuclear distance determination is the foundation for NMR-based structure calculation. However, high-precision distance measurement is a laborious process requiring lengthy data acquisitions due to the large set of multidimensional spectra needed at different mixing times. This prevents application to large or challenging molecular systems. Here, we present a new approach, transferred-rotational-echo double resonance (TREDOR), a heteronuclear transfer method in which we simultaneously detect both starting and transferred signals in a single spectrum. This co-acquisition is used to compensate for coherence decay, resulting in accurate and precise distance determination by a single parameter fit using a single spectrum recorded at an ideal mixing time. We showcase TREDOR with the microcrystalline SH3 protein using 3D spectra to resolve resonances. By combining the measured N–C and H–C distances, we calculate the structure of SH3, which converges to the correct fold, with a root-mean-square deviation of 2.1 Å compared to a reference X-ray structure. The TREDOR data used in the structure calculation were acquired in only 4 days on a 600 MHz instrument. This is achieved due to the more than 2-fold time saving afforded by co-acquisition of additional information and demonstrates TREDOR as a fast and straightforward method for determining structures via magic-angle spinning NMR.