American Chemical Society
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Tracing the Uptake, Transport, and Fate of Mercury in Sawgrass (Cladium jamaicense) in the Florida Everglades Using a Multi-isotope Technique

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journal contribution
posted on 2018-02-21, 00:00 authored by Bo Meng, Yanbin Li, Wenbin Cui, Ping Jiang, Guangliang Liu, Yongmin Wang, Jennifer Richards, Xinbin Feng, Yong Cai
The role of macrophytes in the biogeochemical cycle of mercury (Hg) in the Florida Everglades is poorly understood. Stable isotope tracer techniques were employed to investigate Hg uptake by sawgrass (Cladium jamaicense) from soil and atmospheric pathways and the fate of Hg after absorption. Our results suggest that soil spiked 201Hg2+ was rapidly taken up by roots and transported to aboveground parts. The spiked 201Hg that was transported to the aboveground parts was trapped; no release of the spiked 201Hg from the leaf to the air was detected. Atmospheric 199Hg0 exposure experiments revealed that the majority of the previously deposited 199Hg0 taken into the leaf was fixed, with a very limited proportion (1.6%) available for re-emission to the atmosphere. The percentage of 199Hg0 fixed in the leaf will help reduce the model uncertainty in estimating the Hg0 exchange over the air–vegetation surface. We propose that sawgrass needs to be viewed as an important sink for atmospheric Hg0 in the regional Hg mass balance; this would have important implications for the critical loads of Hg to the Everglades. The multi-isotope tracer technique could be an effective tool to identify the role of plants in biogeochemical cycling of Hg in other ecosystems.