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Toward an Internally Consistent Model for Hg(II) Chemical Speciation Calculations in Bacterium–Natural Organic Matter–Low Molecular Mass Thiol Systems

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journal contribution
posted on 17.06.2020, 20:09 by Yu Song, Gbotemi A. Adediran, Tao Jiang, Shusaku Hayama, Erik Björn, Ulf Skyllberg
To advance the scientific understanding of bacteria-driven mercury (Hg) transformation processes in natural environments, thermodynamics and kinetics of divalent mercury Hg­(II) chemical speciation need to be understood. Based on Hg LIII-edge extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectroscopic information, combined with competitive ligand exchange (CLE) experiments, we determined Hg­(II) structures and thermodynamic constants for Hg­(II) complexes formed with thiol functional groups in bacterial cell membranes of two extensively studied Hg­(II) methylating bacteria: Geobacter sulfurreducens PCA and Desulfovibrio desulfuricans ND132. The Hg EXAFS data suggest that 5% of the total number of membranethiol functionalities (Mem-RStot = 380 ± 50 μmol g–1 C) are situated closely enough to be involved in a 2-coordinated Hg­(Mem-RS)2 structure in Geobacter. The remaining 95% of Mem-RSH is involved in mixed-ligation Hg­(II)-complexes, combining either with low molecular mass (LMM) thiols like Cys, Hg­(Cys)­(Mem-RS), or with neighboring O/N membrane functionalities, Hg­(Mem-RSRO). We report log K values for the formation of the structures Hg­(Mem-RS)2, Hg­(Cys)­(Mem-RS), and Hg­(Mem-RSRO) to be 39.1 ± 0.2, 38.1 ± 0.1, and 25.6 ± 0.1, respectively, for Geobacter and 39.2 ± 0.2, 38.2 ± 0.1, and 25.7 ± 0.1, respectively, for ND132. Combined with results obtained from previous studies using the same methodology to determine chemical speciation of Hg­(II) in the presence of natural organic matter (NOM; Suwannee River DOM) and 15 LMM thiols, an internally consistent thermodynamic data set is created, which we recommend to be used in studies of Hg transformation processes in bacterium–NOM–LMM thiol systems.