American Chemical Society
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Top-Down and Bottom-Up Proteomics of Circulating S100A8/S100A9 in Plasma of Septic Shock Patients

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journal contribution
posted on 2020-01-22, 19:50 authored by Christelle Dubois, Didier Payen, Stéphanie Simon, Christophe Junot, François Fenaille, Nathalie Morel, François Becher
Well-characterized prognostic biomarkers and reliable quantitative methods are key in sepsis management. Among damage-associated molecular patterns, S100A8/S100A9 complexes are reported to be markers for injured cells and to improve the prediction of death in septic shock patients. In view of the structural diversity observed for the intracellular forms, insight into circulating complexes and proteoforms is required to establish prognostic biomarkers. Here, we developed top-down and bottom-up proteomics to characterize the association of S100A8 and S100A9 in complexes and major circulating proteoforms. An antibody-free method was developed for absolute quantification of S100A8/S100A9 in a cohort of 49 patients to evaluate the prognostic value on the first day after admission for septic shock. The predominant circulating forms identified by top-down proteomics were S100A8, mono-oxidized S100A8, truncated acetylated S100A9, and S-nitrosylated S100A9. S100A8, truncated acetylated S100A9, and mono-oxidized S100A8 discriminated between survivors and nonsurvivors, along with total S100A8/S100A9 measured by the antibody-free bottom-up method. Overall, new insights into circulating S100A8/S100A9 and confirmation of its prognostic value in septic shock are crucial in qualification of this biomarker. Also, the simple antibody-free assay would support the harmonization of S100A8/S100A9 measurements.