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Tissue Characterization with Quantitative High-Resolution Magic Angle Spinning Chemical Exchange Saturation Transfer Z‑Spectroscopy

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journal contribution
posted on 06.10.2016, 00:00 by Iris Yuwen Zhou, Taylor L. Fuss, Takahiro Igarashi, Weiping Jiang, Xin Zhou, Leo L. Cheng, Phillip Zhe Sun
Chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST) provides sensitive magnetic resonance (MR) contrast for probing dilute compounds via exchangeable protons, serving as an emerging molecular imaging methodology. CEST Z-spectrum is often acquired by sweeping radiofrequency saturation around bulk water resonance, offset by offset, to detect CEST effects at characteristic chemical shift offsets, which requires prolonged acquisition time. Herein, combining high-resolution magic angle spinning (HRMAS) with concurrent application of gradient and rf saturation to achieve fast Z-spectral acquisition, we demonstrated the feasibility of fast quantitative HRMAS CEST Z-spectroscopy. The concept was validated with phantoms, which showed excellent agreement with results obtained from conventional HRMAS MR spectroscopy (MRS). We further utilized the HRMAS Z-spectroscopy for fast ex vivo quantification of ischemic injury with rodent brain tissues after ischemic stroke. This method allows rapid and quantitative CEST characterization of biological tissues and shows potential for a host of biomedical applications.