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Tissue-Adhesive Paint of Silk Microparticles for Articular Surface Cartilage Regeneration

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journal contribution
posted on 12.05.2020, 11:03 by Jingwei Zhang, Xianzhu Zhang, Yi Hong, Qianbao Fu, Qiulin He, Asma Mechakra, Qiuwen Zhu, Feifei Zhou, Renjie Liang, Chenglin Li, Yejun Hu, Yiwei Zou, Shufang Zhang, HongWei Ouyang
Current biomaterials and tissue engineering techniques have shown a promising efficacy on full-thickness articular cartilage defect repair in clinical practice. However, due to the difficulty of implanting biomaterials or tissue engineering constructs into a partial-thickness cartilage defect, it remains a challenge to provide a satisfactory cure in joint surface regeneration in the early and middle stages of osteoarthritis. In this study, we focused on a ready-to-use tissue-adhesive joint surface paint (JS-Paint) capable of promoting and enhancing articular surface cartilage regeneration. The JS-Paint is mainly composed of N-(2-aminoethyl)-4-(4-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methoxy-5-nitrosophenoxy) butanamide (NB)-coated silk fibroin microparticles and possess optimal cell adhesion, migration, and proliferation properties. NB-modified silk fibroin microparticles can directly adhere to the cartilage and form a smooth layer on the surface via the photogenerated aldehyde group of NB reacting with the −NH2 groups of the cartilage tissue. JS-Paint treatment showed a significant promotion of cartilage regeneration and restored the smooth joint surface at 6 weeks postsurgery in a rabbit model of a partial-thickness cartilage defect. These findings revealed that silk fibroin can be utilized to bring about a tissue-adhesive paint. Thus, the JS-Paint strategy has some great potential to enhance joint surface regeneration and revolutionize future therapeutics of early and middle stages of osteoarthritis joint ailments.