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Tin-Doped Near-Infrared Persistent Luminescence Nanoparticles with Considerable Improvement of Biological Window Activation for Deep Tumor Photodynamic Therapy

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journal contribution
posted on 12.08.2020, 10:03 by Junpeng Shi, Xia Sun, Shenghui Zheng, Liang Song, Fangrong Zhang, Tobias Madl, Yun Zhang, Hongwu Zhang, Maochun Hong
The photodynamic therapy (PDT) as a promising antitumor therapy technique is greatly hampered by the low tissue penetration of light and the photothermal effect of prolonged irradiation. Near-infrared (NIR) persistent luminescence nanoparticles (NPLNPs) possess the potential for application in next-generation PDT. However, owing to the low re-excitation efficiency of NPLNPs in deep tissue, the current PDT nanoplatform based on NPLNPs is faced with the disadvantage of decreased PDT efficiency induced by persistent luminescence (PersL) decay at the lesion site. Herein, NPLNPs, Zn1.3Ga1.4Sn0.3O4:Cr3+ (ZGS), with small particle sizes and excellent optical properties are synthesized via a simple acetylacetonate combustion method. The ZGS can be repeatedly excited by the biological window (659 nm) light to produce a strong NIR (700 nm) PersL. The response efficiency of ZGS to the wavelength in the biological window has been greatly improved by doping Sn4+ into the ZnGa2O4 matrix, which is 55 times higher than that of traditional ZnGa2O4:Cr3+. We further develop a PDT nanoplatform by modifying a photosensitizer on its surface. The PDT experiments show that the developed nanoplatform can achieve continuous and efficient tumor PDT with a depth of up to 3 cm by repeated excitation using a 659 nm LED. The NPLNPs largely solve the problem of the low re-excitation efficiency after NIR PersL decay of traditional NPLNPs in deep tissue applications and will further promote the application of NIR PLNPs in the biomedical field.